The Van Wickle Family
Blithewold was established as a private estate, but the owners always shared their love and enthusiasm for their home with family, friends, famous botanists, horticulturists, and devoted amateur gardeners.
Augustus Van Wickle was born in 1856, in New Brunswick, New Jersey. After graduating from Brown University in 1876, he went to work in his father’s coal mining business, “Van Wickle and Stout”. He moved up in the company rapidly, and was sent to manage his father’s mines in Hazleton, Pennsylvania. It was there that he met Bessie Pardee, daughter of Hazleton’s wealthiest coal baron, Ario Pardee. Augustus and Bessie married in 1882, and their daughter, Marjorie, was born in 1883.
As his good fortune continued, Augustus began to consider buying a second home. In 1894, he took his wife and daughter to Rhode Island to spend the summer in Narragansett, and while visiting friends in Bristol he bought a 72’ steam yacht from the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. He then began the search for a suitable property on which to build a summer residence and found seventy acres of fertile waterfront land, with protected deep-water harbor for their boats, superb sailing, and easy access to the Atlantic Ocean beyond.
Building began immediately, and the shingled Queen Anne style mansion was ready for occupancy in the summer of 1896. Augustus and Bessie and their eleven year old daughter, Marjorie, were immediately swept up in the social life of the privileged classes of Bristol. The Van Wickles took parties out on their new yacht “Marjorie”, and served elegant luncheons on board as they cruised to Newport to watch the National Tennis Championships on Bellevue Avenue.
In June 1898, while Bessie was at home in Hazleton packing trunks to move to Bristol for the summer, Augustus went out skeet-shooting with his brother-in-law. As he leaned over to mark his score in the dust, his gun accidentally discharged. He was carried home, gravely injured, and died less than an hour later. Bessie was carrying their second child, a blessing they had been praying for. Five months later Augustine was born in Hazleton, and Estelle Clements, an old family friend, moved into the Van Wickle home to help Bessie. Estelle became a second mother to Marjorie and Augustine and a trusted companion to Bessie. She had her own room at Blithewold, and lived there as a member of the family.
In 1901, Bessie married William Leander McKee, an old hunting and sailing friend of Augustus. He was a partner in a successful leather manufacturing business in Boston, and the family soon purchased a winter residence on Commonwealth Avenue. In the summertime the mansion and guest house were filled to overflowing, with friends and relatives often taking up residence for weeks at a time.
In June 1906, the original Blithewold mansion burned to the ground and the following year a second, grander mansion was built on the same site, using many of the architectural features saved from the first mansion. The house we know today is built of stone, in an English Country Manor style.
Bessie’s older daughter, Marjorie Van Wickle, married George Armstrong Lyon in 1914, in the Enclosed Garden at Blithewold. George was a graduate of Harvard and Yale, and a Captain in the First World War. They bought a house in Brookline, MA, and a townhouse on Beacon Hill in Boston. Marjorie and George were tireless travelers, taking long trips to Alaska, Hawaii, New Brunswick and Wyoming, fishing and hunting big game. Marjorie became an accomplished watercolorist and many of her paintings are displayed in the mansion. But her true love was Blithewold, where she spent the rest of her life developing this beautiful property.
In 1919, Marjorie’s younger sister, Augustine Van Wickle, married Quincy A. Shaw, Jr. from a prominent Boston family. They moved to Calumet, Michigan, where Mr. Shaw worked in his father’s copper mining company. They had two daughters who were Bessie Van Wickle McKee’s only grandchildren.
In the early 1930s, the McKees felt the effects of the stock market crash. They sold their home in Boston and made Blithewold their year-round residence. Thirty-five acres of land to the south of the Mansion, which held the guest house, the golf course and the club house, were sold.
When Bessie died at Blithewold in 1936, Marjorie and Augustine inherited the estate. Marjorie ultimately bought her sister’s share, though Augustine continued to spend summers at Blithewold for the rest of her life. Marjorie died in 1976, at the age of 93, and her wish was that Blithewold be preserved and enjoyed by the public in perpetuity.
Saturday, November 22
Children's Thanksgiving Floral Workshop
Sunday, November 23
The Shop at Blithewold Preview Party
Friday, November 28
- Sunday, January 04
Christmas at Blithewold
Friday, November 28
- Friday, January 02
Friday, November 28
- Friday, January 02
Sparkle! An Outdoor Family Event
Saturday, November 29
Music in the Living Room: Sound Waves
The Shop at Blithewold
(Nov 18, '14)
If you’ve visited Blithewold during our Christmas season before, I’m sure you’ve noticed the cheery, little shop tucked away in the Breakfast Porch. The Shop at Blithewold normally lives in the Visitor’s Center, but at Christmastime it moves to the Breakfast Porch and nearly triples in size, allowing them to carry more fun, festive, Christmas […]
(Nov 14, '14)
One day last week it seemed as if the switch that turns on the Japanese maples was flipped. We all noticed it. And I think we all tried to burn their color on our retinas (and camera sensors) in an attempt to hold us over for winter. And evidently, winter arrived this morning. We weren’t […]
Fox Dressmaking Company
(Nov 12, '14)
The Fox Company, Bessie Van Wickle-McKee’s favorite dressmaker, was one of the oldest and most elite dressmaking establishments in the United States. Founded by the four Fox sisters in 1885, it occupied an elegant house at 53 East 34th Street in New York City. Under the Fox sisters, the business flourished, ultimately employing 225 people. […]